History

Robert Indiana (1928), also known as Robert Clark, was born in New Castle, Indiana.
He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Edinburgh College of Art (1953–4). After, he returned to America in 1954 where he began making art with his distinctive “hard edge” style.
Indiana’s work often consists of bold, simple, iconic images, especially with numbers and short words like EAT, HUG, and, his best known example, LOVE. In his EAT series, the word blares in paint or light bulbs against a neutral background; he regularly paired “EAT” with “DIE”.
Other well-known works by Indiana include: his painting of the unique basketball court formerly used by the Milwaukee Bucks in that city’s MECCA Arena, with a large M shape taking up each half of the court; his sculpture in the lobby of Taipei 101, called 1-0 (2002, aluminum), which uses multicoloured numbers to suggest the conduct of world trade and the patterns of human life;
and the works he created in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, which he exhibited in New York in 2004, called the Peace Paintings.
Between 1989 and 1994, Indiana painted a series of 18 canvases inspired by the shapes and numbers in the war motifs paintings that Marsden Hartley did in Berlin between 1913-15.
In 2008, Indiana created an image similar to his iconic LOVE (letters stacked two to a line, the letter “o” tilted on its side), but this time showcasing the word “HOPE,” and donated all proceeds from the sale of reproductions of his image to Democrat Barack Obama’s presidential campaign, raising in excess of $1,000,000.
Up to this moment Indiana’s artwork has been featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions around the world. His work is also included in the permanent collection of many important museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Hirshhorn Museum, Sculpture Garden and the Smithsonian Museum of American Art in Washington, D.C., the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Menil Collection in Houston, Texas, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, Germany, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum in Eindhove in the Netherlands, the Museum Ludwig in Vienna, Austria, the Shanghai Art Museum in China, and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York hosted a retrospective of his work through January 2014.

Exhibitions

Indiana’s artwork has been featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions around the world. His work is also included in the permanent collection of many important museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Hirshhorn Museum, Sculpture Garden and the Smithsonian Museum of American Art in Washington, D.C., the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Menil Collection in Houston, Texas, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, Germany, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum in Eindhove in the Netherlands, the Museum Ludwig in Vienna, Austria, the Shanghai Art Museum in China, and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York hosted a retrospective of his work through January 2014.

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