Joan Miró i Ferrà was a world renowned Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist.

Miro enrolled at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts in Barcelona until 1910; during his attendance he was taught by Modest Urgell and Josep Pascó.

After overcoming a serious bout of typhoid fever in 1911, Mirò decided to devote his life entirely to painting by attending the school of art taught by Francesc Galí Mirò, La Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, where he set up his first individual exhibition in the Dalmau Galleries in 1918. His works before 1920 (the date of his first trip to Paris) reflect the influence of different trends, like the pure and brilliant colours used in Fauvism, shapes taken from cubism, influences from folkloric Catalan art and Roman frescos from the churches.

His trip to Paris introduced him to a new kind of art and he also developed his trend of surrealist painting.

From 1929-1930, Miró begun to take interest in this object in the form of collages. This was a practice which lead to the making of his surrealist sculptures. His tormented monsters appeared during this decade as well, which gave way to the consolidation of his plastic vocabulary. He also experimented with many other artistic forms, such as engraving, lithography, water colors, pastels, and painting over copper. What is particularly highlighted from this period, are the two ceramic murals which he made for the UNESCO building in Paris (The Wall of the Moon and the Wall of the Sun, 1957-59).

It was at the end of the 60s when his final period was marked and lasted until his death. During this time, he concentrated more and more on monumental and public works. He was characterized by the body language and freshness he carried out in his canvasses, the special attention he paid to material, and the stamp he received from informalism. He concentrated on the symbol and the way it emerged as the piece of work, not giving too much importance to the representing theme. Mirò had a very eccentric style which was the embodiment of his unique approach to his artwork.

In 1976, the Joan Miró Foundation Centre of Contemporary Art Study was officially opened in Barcelona.


June 19 2015 to October 11 2015
Rijksmuseum gardens



Joan Miró: Wall, Frieze, Mural; Joan Miró
Kunsthaus ZurichGalerie Gmurzynska.
Through Jan. 24; through Jan. 30.

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